Armenia Land of wonder
ARARAT MOUNTAIN: The first information about Ararat Mountain was in the oldest note “Legend about Gilgamesh”. There is said that in the result of God’s anger after mighty deluge survived only Utnapishtum and his family. They built an ark which had stopped on the top of Nasir mountain. Here Nasir – Masir – Masis. The same we can read in Bible,the Bible says, when Noah went down the Ararat planted grape-vine and blessed the land and its fruit. Noah lived 300 years near Ararat, now Araratyan valley. Armenians believe in this blindly. Ararat is seen from Yerevan with all its beauty.Its majesty is that Ararat is the highest mountain in the world with its relative height 4000 m from sea level, and the absolute height is 5165 m.
GEGHARD: Stone is the symbol of Armenia and the mountains are adorning. Armenians are very proud of their mountains. Stone is everything for Armenians. It is the spirit, the faith and protector of Armenians. Armenians are the only nation that has put a symphony in stone.One of them is Geghard monastery or Airivank. It is 45km far from Yerevan in the magic cave of Azat river. Everything speaks in this cave – the stones, the trees, the river and Geghard. The supernatural feeling maybe is because of the fourth sanctuary in the world. The spear that roman soldier pierced Christ on the cross. Two disciples of Jesus – Bartholomew and Theodore brought it to Armenia and since then it has been kept in Geghard monastery (geghard – spear). Now the spear is in Echmiatsin.
GARNI TEMPLE: Garni is remarkable with a number of historical and architectural monuments of the Hellenistic and early Christian era. The most prominent among them are Garni temple and the fortress of the same name. Moreover, there you will find the ruins of the royal palace and baths built according to the Roman methodology. In 2011 the complex received the prestigious award of the UNESCO-Greece Melina Mercouri International Prize.Historians attribute its erection to the ancient-Armenian king Trdat who adopted Christianity as official religion in 301. Although many scientists believe that it was constructed in the 1 st century AD.The temple was built in conformity with the canons of classical Greek architecture and outwardly is very similar to the well-known Temple of Athena in Greece.
HAGHPAT MONASTERY: One of the most ancient sights of Lori, Haghpat Monastery was built in the 10th through 13th centuries. Haghpat Monastery was once one of the largest centres of science, with a rich collection of manuscripts. It had premises for copying library manuscripts, plus cafeterias and universities. Of all the structures only the main church of St. Nishan (967-991) with sculptural images on the outside and frescos (13th-14th centuries) inside, St. Gregory Church (1005), the small dome church of St. Astvatsatsin (12th-13th centuries), the 13th-century cafeteria, the 13th-century book depository, the belfry (1245), and khachkars have survived.
SEVAN LAKE: Ancient relict Sevan Lake – “The Jewel of Armenia” or the “Geghama Sea” is one of the largest high-mountainous fresh water lakes in the world and the main attraction not only Gekarkunik, but whole Armenia. This nature’s wonder is located in the very middle of Armenian highland in a huge mountain bowl framed with picturesque peaks at the height of 1,900 m. The lake’s surface area is 940 sq km, the maximum depth – 95 m; maximum length – about 70 km, width – 30-50 km.One can’t help admiring these breathtaking views. Besides, the mountain air there is always pure and fresh and comparable to sea breeze.
TATEV MONASTERY: Tatev Monastery is in the center of the Marz of Syunik, near the village of Tatev, on a cliff overlooking the right bank of the Vorotan River. Such a remote position was strategically favorable as the monastery was simultaneously the religious and political center of Syunik Principality, and needed to be defended. The monastery was also the residence of the Syunik Bishop with his vast lands and craft workshops. Tatev collected taxes from hundreds of villages, making it a rich monastery and educational institute. In 2010, the cable car was built from a nearby Halidzor to Tatev Monastery. Called Wings of Tatev, this cable car traverses over 5.7 km (3.5 miles) in about 15 minutes. The cable car was originally built to bring visitors to the region, and to make the remote Tatev Monastery a little closer.